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Cyclooxygenase and Peroxidase Inactivation of Prostaglandin-H-Synthase during Catalysis

L. A. Tsaplina1,2 and P. V. Vrzheshch1,2*

1Faculty of Bioengineering and Bioinformatics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119992 Moscow, Russia; fax: (495) 939-4218; E-mail: peter@genebee.msu.ru

2International Biotechnological Center, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119992 Moscow, Russia; fax: (495) 939-5022

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received November 30, 2006; Revision received January 5, 2007
Prostaglandin-H-synthase (PGHS) is a bifunctional enzyme catalyzing cyclooxygenase and peroxidase reactions and undergoing irreversible inactivation during catalysis. A new method for kinetic studies of both PGHS activities in the course of cyclooxygenase as well as peroxidase reactions and also preincubation with hydroperoxides is suggested. It is shown that peroxidase activity is retained after complete cyclooxygenase inactivation and cyclooxygenase activity is retained after complete peroxidase inactivation. Two-stage cyclooxygenase inactivation occurs on preincubation of PGHS with hydrogen peroxide. Studies on inactivation under various conditions indicate that chemical mechanisms of cyclooxygenase and peroxidase inactivation are different. The data allow development of kinetic models.
KEY WORDS: prostaglandin-H-synthase, cyclooxygenase activity, peroxidase activity, inactivation, TMPD, ABTS

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297907060053