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Received April 12, 2007
The substrate specificity of autolytic enzymes of the bacterium Lysobacter sp. XL 1 has been established. The periplasmic enzyme A8, the cytosolic enzyme A1, and the enzyme A10 solubilized from the cell walls and membranes with Triton X-100 exhibit glucosaminidase activity; the cytosolic enzyme A4 and the enzyme A9 solubilized from the cell walls and membranes with LiCl exhibit the muramidase activity. The cytosolic enzymes A3 and A6 have N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase activity, and the enzyme A5 exhibits the diaminopimelinoyl-alanine endopeptidase activity. Some physicochemical properties of the most active autolytic cytosolic enzymes of Lysobacter sp. XL 1 (endopeptidases A5 and A7 and N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase A6) were studied. The enzymes exhibit maximal activity over a wide range of buffer concentrations in weakly alkaline medium and moderate temperatures. The investigated enzymes are comparatively thermolabile proteins.
KEY WORDS: autolytic enzymes, peptidoglycan, substrate specificity, physicochemical properties