* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received July 21, 2007; Revision received August 7, 2007
Human heart LIM (hhLIM), a muscle-specific expressed transcriptional coactivator of cardiac hypertrophy related gene, stimulates transcriptional activation of the ANF gene promoter in H9C2 cells. We revealed that the N-terminal half of hhLIM mediated this activation, in which the LIM domain 1 and protein kinase C phosphorylation site are important, especially the LIM domain 1. Further, mutagenesis of the conserved Cys in the LIM domain 1 abolished its ability to activate cardiac hypertrophy. These findings suggest that hhLIM is a typical LIM family member with powerful transcription activation.
KEY WORDS: hhLIM, LIM domain, cardiac hypertrophy, ANF