2TEDA School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology and 3Tianjin Key Laboratory for Microbial Functional Genomics, TEDA College, Nankai University, 23 HongDa Street, TEDA, Tianjin 300457, P. R. China; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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Received July 11, 2007
An O-polysaccharide was isolated by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli O49 and studied by sugar analysis along with one- and two-dimensional 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy. The following structure of the linear tetrasaccharide repeating unit of the O-polysaccharide was established:where d-Qui4N(S3HOBut) stands for 4,6-dideoxy-4-[(S)-3-hydroxybutanoylamino]-d-glucose and O-acetylation of GlcNAc is partial (~30%). To our knowledge, no N-(3-hydroxybutanoyl) derivative of Qui4N has been hitherto found in bacterial polysaccharides. Gene functions of the O-antigen gene cluster of E. coli O49 were assigned by bioinformatics analysis and found to correspond to the O-polysaccharide structure. Two new genes were revealed and suggested to be responsible for synthesis and transfer of the 3-hydroxybutanoyl group.
KEY WORDS: Escherichia coli, lipopolysaccharide, bacterial polysaccharide structure, 3-hydroxybutyrate, 4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-d-glucose, O-antigen gene cluster