Received May 10, 2007; Revision received August 7, 2007
Using steady-state, polarized, and phase-modulation fluorometry, the dithiothreitol-induced denaturation of insulin and formation of its complex with alpha-crystallin in solution were studied. Prevention of the aggregation of insulin by alpha-crystallin is due to formation of chaperone complexes, i.e. interaction of chains of the denatured insulin with alpha-crystallin. The conformational changes in alpha-crystallin that occur during complex formation are rather small. It is unlikely that N-termini are directly involved in the complex formation. The 8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonate (ANS) is not sensitive to the complex formation. ANS emits mainly from alpha-crystallin monomers, dimers, and tetramers, but not from oligomers or aggregates. The possibility of highly sensitive detection of aggregates by light scattering using a spectrofluorometer with crossed monochromators is demonstrated.
KEY WORDS: alpha-crystallin, insulin, chaperone complex, aggregation, light scattering, fluorescence