* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received December 18, 2007; Revision received February 20, 2008
Expression of alpha5beta1 integrin in the drug-resistant MCF-7/ADR breast carcinoma cells was inhibited by treatment of these cells with alpha5-specific siRNA. The decrease of alpha5beta1 expression resulted in a sharp decrease of expression of MMP-2 collagenase and inhibition of invasion activity of these cells in vitro. Similar decrease of invasion was also observed during inhibition of MMP-2 expression by treatment of these cells with MMP-2-specific siRNA. Inhibition of alpha5beta1 expression was also accompanied by significant decrease in cell content of active (phosphorylated) forms of signal protein kinases Akt and Erk1/2. Inhibition of activity of these kinases by treatment of cells with PI-3K/Akt-specific inhibitor LY294002 or Erk-specific inhibitor PD98059 resulted in inhibition of MMP-2 expression and the decrease of invasion in vitro. These data suggest that alpha5beta1 controls invasion ability of these cells by regulating expression of MMP-2, which involves PI-3K and Erk1/2 protein kinase signaling.
KEY WORDS: integrins, signal protein kinases, matrix proteases, metastasis, invasion