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Received July 2, 2007; Revision received October 16, 2007
Sodium salicylate (NaSA) increased induction of both intracellular and extracellular beta-1,3-glucanases in calluses of campion and duckweed. NaSA concentrations from 30 to 100 mM were optimal for induction of intracellular glucanase in the campion callus, and for induction of extracellular glucanase the optimal concentration varied from 5 to 100 mM. The glucanase activity in the duckweed callus was lower than in the campion callus, and co-cultivation of the campion callus with Trichoderma harzianum mycelium increased the production of intracellular and extracellular beta-1,3-glucanases and polygalacturonase in the callus. Biosynthesis by T. harzianum of glucanases, extracellular polygalacturonase and xylanase, and of intracellular galactosidase was increased. The co-cultivation was accompanied by increased activity of intracellular acidic isoform of glucanase Glu-3 secreted by the callus cells into the medium, whereas NaSA activated in the callus culture the extracellular acidic isoform Glu-1 and extracellular basic isoform Glu-5. These data indicate the induction of these isoforms and the specificity of protective response of plant cells to different factors.
KEY WORDS: Silene vulgaris (M.) G., Lemna minor L., Trichoderma harzianum, callus, beta-1,3-glucanase, polygalacturonase, sodium salicylate