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REVIEW: IgA-Specific Proteins of Pathogenic Bacteria

T. N. Kazeeva1 and A. B. Shevelev1,2*

1Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky pr. 33, 119071 Moscow, Russia; fax: (495) 954-2732; E-mail: shevelev@inbi.ras.ru

2Chumakov Institute of Poliomyelitis and Viral Encephalitis, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Leninsky District, 142782 Moscow Region, Russia; fax: (495) 439-9321

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received March 4, 2008; Revision received March 31, 2008
Data on structure and specificity of bacterial IgA receptors (IgA-binding M-like proteins Arp4 and Sir22 from hemolytic streptococci of serogroup A, β-antigen from hemolytic streptococci of serogroup B, and SSL family proteins from Staphylococcus aureus) are surveyed in this review. The principal conclusion derived from comparison is the fact that all bacterial receptors bind the same site in the IgA molecule overlapping with the binding site of endogenous human IgA receptor CD89. We assume that this site, consisting of spatially close amino acid strands Leu257-Gly259 in domain Cα2 and Pro440-Phe443 in domain Cα3, is subject to conformational rearrangement induced by the binding of antigen in the IgA active site.
KEY WORDS: IgA, IgA-binding proteins, CD89

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297909010027