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Characterization of Physical Interaction between Replication Initiator Protein DnaA and Replicative Helicase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv

Yunchang Xie and Zheng-Guo He*

National Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Center for Proteomics Research, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China; fax: +86-27-8728-0670; E-mail: he.zhengguo@hotmail.com

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received March 17, 2009; Revision received May 1, 2009
In the pathogenic Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv, the causative agent of tuberculosis, the genetic and biochemical mechanisms for initiation of DNA replication are largely unknown. In the present study, we have characterized the physical interactions between M. tuberculosis DnaA and DnaB using both in vivo methods, such as bacterial two-hybrid assays, and in vitro techniques, such as surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and Pull-down/Western blotting. The full-length N-terminus (1-206 residues) of DnaB was found to interact with DnaA, while the shorter N-terminal domain of DnaB (1-125 residues), which lacked the linker region, did not. Further SPR and electrophoretic mobility shift assays indicated that the N-terminus (1-206 residues) of DnaB also had a critical role in regulating DnaA complex formation at the origin of replication (OriC). This regulatory effect was not obviously observed for DNA substrates containing only two DnaA-boxes. This is the first report showing a physical interaction between DnaA and replicative helicase DnaB from M. tuberculosis and the role in subsequent DnaA–OriC interactions. The findings reported here further the understanding of the regulatory mechanisms for initiation of DNA replication in this important human pathogen.
KEY WORDS: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, DnaB, replication origin, DnaA, OriC

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297909120049