* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received January 22, 2011; Revision received February 8, 2011
Current data on structural–functional features of plant peroxidases and their involvement in functioning of the pro-/antioxidant system responding to stress factors, especially those of biotic origin, are analyzed. The collection of specific features of individual isoforms allows a plant to withstand an aggressive influence of the environment. Expression of some genes encoding different isoperoxidases is regulated by pathogens (and their metabolites), elicitors, and hormone-like compounds; specific features of this regulation are considered in detail. It is suggested that isoperoxidases interacting with polysaccharides are responsible for a directed deposition of lignin on the cell walls, and this lignin in turn is concurrently an efficient strengthening material and protects the plants against pathogens.
KEY WORDS: peroxidases, genes, expression, structural–functional features, pathogens, resistance