* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
# These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received July 29, 2011; Revision received September 5, 2011
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1), a chromatin-associated enzyme that catalyzes the NAD+-dependent addition of ADP-ribose polymers onto a variety of nuclear proteins, has been shown to be associated with the nuclear matrix. PARP-1 levels in the nuclear matrix vary depending on the matrix isolation method used. The nuclear matrix appears to be the most thermosensitive nuclear structure during heat shock. Here we provide evidence for the extensive translocation of PARP-1 from chromatin to the nuclear matrix during heat shock. This translocation is accompanied by inhibition of PARP activity in the nucleus and elevation of PARP activity in the nuclear matrix. Our data suggest that thermal destabilization of the nuclear matrix is less likely to contribute to the translocation of PARP-1 to the nuclear matrix.
KEY WORDS: PARP-1, nuclear matrix, heat shock