2Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky pr. 47, 119991 Moscow, Russia
* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received December 2, 2011; Revision received December 27, 2011
Artificial generation of oxygen superoxide radicals in actively growing cultures of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Myc. smegmatis, and Corynebacterium ammoniagenes is followed by accumulation in the bacterial cells of substantial amounts of 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-2,4-cyclodiphosphate (MEcDP) – an intermediate of the non-mevalonate pathway of isoprenoid biosynthesis (MEP) – most possibly due to the interaction of the oxygen radicals with the 4Fe–4S group in the active center and inhibition of the enzyme (E)-4-oxy-3-methylbut-2-enyl diphosphate synthase (IspG). Cadmium ions known to inhibit IspG enzyme in chloroplasts (Rivasseau, C., Seemann, M., Boisson, A. M., Streb, P., Gout, E., Douce, R., Rohmer, M., and Bligny, R. (2009) Plant Cell Environ., 32, 82-92), when added to culture of Myc. smegmatis, substantially increase accumulation of MEcDP induced by oxidative stress with no accumulation of other organic phosphate intermediates in the cell. Corynebacterium ammoniagenes'', well-known for its ability to synthesize large amounts of MEcDP, was also shown to accumulate this unique cyclodiphosphate in actively growing culture when NO at low concentration is artificially generated in the medium. A possible role of the MEP-pathway of isoprenoid biosynthesis and a role of its central intermediate MEcDP in bacterial response to nitrosative and oxidative stress is discussed.
KEY WORDS: non-mevalonate pathway, nitrosative stress, mycobacteria