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REVIEW: Diversity of Mitochondrial Genome Organization

A. A. Kolesnikov* and E. S. Gerasimov

Biological Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119234 Moscow, Russia; E-mail: aak330@yandex.ru

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received August 8, 2012; Revision received August 27, 2012
In this review, we discuss types of mitochondrial genome structural organization (architecture), which includes the following characteristic features: size and the shape of DNA molecule, number of encoded genes, presence of cryptogenes, and editing of primary transcripts.
KEY WORDS: mitochondrial genome, structural organization, mt-encoded genes, editing

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297912130020