2CUTFAM Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, 58140, Turkey
3Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, 58140, Turkey
4Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Letters, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Kahramanmaras, 46100, Turkey
* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received December 5, 2012; Revision received January 3, 2013
Two fish species, Cyprinion macrostomus macrostomus and Garra rufa obtuse, tolerate adverse conditions in the Kangal hot springs and cope with multiple stressors such as food deprivation, extreme temperature, toxins, protein degradation, hypoxia, and microbial damage. These fish have evolved strategies to counteract the stressors including the induction of heat shock proteins (Hsps). Hsps play an essential role in maintaining cellular homeostasis, and one of the key proteins in the mechanism is Hsp70. Hsp70 itself is exposed to the same stressors as all other proteins, and, hence, the stability of Hsp70 was investigated. For this purpose, Hsp70 ATPase activity was determined at different urea concentrations. It was found that the protein maintains considerable ATP hydrolysis activity at higher denaturant conditions. Temperature effects on the substrate peptide binding showed that Hsp70s bind prominently at elevated temperatures. Furthermore, temperature effects on Hsp70 aggregation indicated that the presence of nucleotides decreases the aggregation process. The present work has determined the stability and activity of cmHsp70 and grHsp70 themselves under extreme conditions. The stability of the Hsp70 proteins maintains substrate proteins in the native state, which may aid in the adaptation of the fish species to the hot spring environment.
KEY WORDS: Hsp70, stability, aggregation