2Institute of Gene Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Vavilova 34/5, 119334 Moscow, Russia
* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received January 14, 2013; Revision received February 25, 2013
Peripheral T lymphocytes can be subdivided into naïve and antigen-experienced T cells. The latter, in turn, are represented by effector and central memory cells that are identified by different profiles of activation markers expression, such as CD44 and CD62L in mice. These markers determine different traffic of T lymphocytes in the organism, but hardly reproduce real antigenic experience of a T lymphocyte. Mechanisms of homeostasis maintenance of T lymphocytes with different activation phenotypes remain largely unknown. To investigate impact of T cell receptor (TCR) transgenic chains on formation of T lymphocytes, their peripheral survival and activation surface phenotypes, we have generated the transgenic mouse strain expressing transgenic β-chain of TCR 1D1 (belonging to the Vβ6 family) on the genetic background B10.D2(R101). Intrathymic development of T cells in these transgenic mice is not impaired. The repertoire of peripheral T lymphocytes in these mice contains 70-80% of T cells expressing transgenic β-chain and 20-30% of T cells expressing endogenous β-chains. The ratio of peripheral CD4+CD8– and CD4–CD8+ T lymphocytes remained unchanged in the transgenic animals, but the percent of T lymphocytes with the “naïve” phenotype CD44–CD62L+ was significantly increased, whereas the levels of effector memory CD44+CD62L– and central memory CD44+CD62L+ T lymphocytes were markedly decreased in both subpopulations. On the contrary, T lymphocytes expressing endogenous β-chains had surface phenotype of activated T cells CD44+. Thus, for the first time we have shown that the pool of T lymphocytes with different activation phenotypes depends on the structure of T cell receptors.
KEY WORDS: T cell receptor, transgenic animals, lymphocyte, effector, memory cell