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Polyphosphates and Exopolyphosphatase Activities in the Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae under Overexpression of Homologous and Heterologous PPN1 Genes

M. A. Eldarov1, M. V. Baranov1, M. V. Dumina1, A. A. Shgun1, N. A. Andreeva2, L. V. Trilisenko2, T. V. Kulakovskaya2*, L. P. Ryasanova2, and I. S. Kulaev2

1Bioengineering Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, pr. 60-letiya Oktyabrya 7/1, 117312 Moscow, Russia

2Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, pr. Nauki 5, 142290 Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russia; fax: (495) 956-3370; E-mail: alla@ibpm.pushchino.ru

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received March 25, 2013; Revision received April 5, 2013
The role of exopolyphosphatase PPN1 in polyphosphate metabolism in fungi has been studied in strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae transformed by the yeast PPN1 gene and its ortholog of the fungus Acremonium chrysogenum producing cephalosporin C. The PPN1 genes were expressed under a strong constitutive promoter of the gene of glycerol aldehyde-triphosphate dehydrogenase of S. cerevisiae in the vector pMB1. The yeast strain with inactivated PPN1 gene was transformed by the above vectors containing the PPN1 genes of S. cerevisiae and A. chrysogenum. Exopolyphosphatase activity in the transformant with the yeast PPN1 increased 28- and 11-fold compared to the mutant and parent PPN1 strains. The amount of polyphosphate in this transformant decreased threefold. Neither the increase in exopolyphosphatase activity nor the decrease in polyphosphate content was observed in the transformant with the orthologous PPN1 gene of A. chrysogenum, suggesting the absence of the active form of PPN1 in this transformant.
KEY WORDS: polyphosphates, exopolyphosphatase, PPN1 gene, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Acremonium chrysogenum, transformation

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297913080129