2Key Laboratory for Molecular Enzymology and Engineering, Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun, P. R. China; E-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
3China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University, Changchun 130033, P. R. China; E-mail: email@example.com
4Department of Pathology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73104, USA; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received March 8, 2014; Revision received April 2, 2014
Eyes absent (Eya) is a highly conserved transcription cofactor and protein phosphatase that regulates multiple developmental processes throughout the metazoans. It is a dual function protein, working as a transcription factor in the nucleus and as a tyrosine phosphatase in the cytoplasm. In this study, we isolated EYA-1 of Caenorhabditis elegans, the only homolog of Eyes absent, and set up an effective feeding-based RNAi (RNA interference) against the gene. We found that knockdown of EYA-1 decreased heat and oxidative stress tolerance and accelerated the onset of paralysis mediated by Aβ1-42 proteotoxicity and polyQ. Under heat stress (35°C), EYA-1 knockdown shortened the mean lifespan by 16.8%, which could be attributed to decrease in heat shock protein-16.2 (hsp-16.2) expression. Under oxidative stress, EYA-1 knockdown could shorten the mean lifespan by 18.7%, which could be attributed to intracellular ROS accumulation and the decrease of superoxide dismutase-3 (sod-3) protein expression. Moreover, EYA-1 knockdown animals also showed increased lipofuscin accumulation under oxidative stress. Further studies demonstrated that EYA-1 knockdown could not inhibit daf-16 nuclear accumulation in wild-type worms in response to stress. On the other hand, EYA-1 deficiency did not further reduce stress resistance of daf-16 mutants, which are stress sensitive. Quantitative real-time PCR results also showed that the expression of two daf-16 target genes, hsp-12.3 and sod-3, was downregulated in EYA-1 RNAi-treated worms under stress. All this evidence indicates EYA-1 is required for stress resistance of worms, and it might act downstream of daf-16 to regulate expression of stress resistance-associated genes.
KEY WORDS: EYA-1, Caenorhabditis elegans, RNA interference, stress resistance