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Polyphosphates and Polyphosphatase Activity in the Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae during Overexpression of the DDP1 Gene

L. V. Trilisenko1, N. A. Andreeva1, M. A. Eldarov2, M. V. Dumina2, and T. V. Kulakovskaya1*

1Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142290 Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russia; fax: +7 (495) 956-3370; E-mail: alla@ibpm.pushchino.ru

2Bioengineering Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312 Moscow, Russia

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received April 24, 2015; Revision received May 20, 2015
The effects of overexpression of yeast diphosphoinositol polyphosphate phosphohydrolase (DDP1) having endopolyphosphatase activity on inorganic polyphosphate metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae were studied. The endopolyphosphatase activity in the transformed strain significantly increased compared to the parent strain. This activity was observed with polyphosphates of different chain length, being suppressed by 2 mM tripolyphosphate or ATP. The content of acid-soluble and acid-insoluble polyphosphates under DDP1 overexpression decreased by 9 and 28%, respectively. The average chain length of salt-soluble and alkali-soluble fractions did not change in the overexpressing strain, and that of acid-soluble polyphosphate increased under phosphate excess. At the initial stage of polyphosphate recovery after phosphorus starvation, the chain length of the acid-soluble fraction in transformed cells was lower compared to the recipient strain. This observation suggests the complex nature of DDP1 involvement in the regulation of polyphosphate content and chain length in yeasts.
KEY WORDS: polyphosphate, diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate, bidiphosphoinositol tetrakisphosphate, polyphosphatase, DDP1 gene, Saccharomyces cerevisiae

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297915100120