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Intermolecular Interactions of Myosin Subfragment 1 Induced by the N-Terminal Extension of Essential Light Chain 1

D. S. Logvinova1,2, O. P. Nikolaeva3, and D. I. Levitsky1,3*

1Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Center of Biotechnology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119071 Moscow, Russia; E-mail: levitsky@inbi.ras.ru

2Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department of Biochemistry, School of Biology, 119991 Moscow, Russia

3Lomonosov Moscow State University, Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, 119991 Moscow, Russia

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received September 12, 2016; Revision received October 7, 2016
We applied dynamic light scattering (DLS) to compare aggregation properties of two isoforms of myosin subfragment 1 (S1) containing different “essential” (or “alkali”) light chains, A1 or A2, which differ by the presence of an N-terminal extension in A1. Upon mild heating (up to 40°C), which was not accompanied by thermal denaturation of the protein, we observed a significant growth in the hydrodynamic radius of the particles for S1(A1), from ~18 to ~600-700 nm, whereas the radius of S1(A2) remained unchanged and equal to ~18 nm. Similar difference between S1(A1) and S1(A2) was observed in the presence of ADP. In contrast, no differences were observed by DLS between these two S1 isoforms in their complexes S1-ADP-BeFx and S1-ADP-AlF4 which mimic the S1 ATPase intermediate states S1*-ATP and S1**-ADP-Pi. We propose that during the ATPase cycle the A1 N-terminal extension can interact with the motor domain of the same S1 molecule, and this can explain why S1(A1) and S1(A2) in S1-ADP-BeFx and S1-ADP-AlF4 complexes do not differ in their aggregation properties. In the absence of nucleotides (or in the presence of ADP), the A1 N-terminal extension can interact with actin, thus forming an additional actin-binding site on the myosin head. However, in the absence of actin, this extension seems to be unable to undergo intramolecular interaction, but it probably can interact with the motor domain of another S1 molecule. These intermolecular interactions of the A1 N-terminus can explain unusual aggregation properties of S1(A1).
KEY WORDS: myosin subfragment 1, essential light chains, thermally induced aggregation, dynamic light scattering

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297917020134