* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received October 4, 2016; Revision received November 29, 2016
An increase in glucose concentration in the medium rapidly decreases respiration rate in many cell types, including tumor cells. The molecular mechanism of this phenomenon, the Crabtree effect, is still unclear. It was shown earlier that adding the intermediate product of glycolysis fructose-1,6-bisphosphate to isolated mitochondria suppresses their respiration. To study possible roles of glycolytic intermediates in the Crabtree effect, we used a model organism, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. To have the option to rapidly increase intracellular concentrations of certain glycolytic intermediates, we used mutant cells with glycolysis blocked at different stages. We studied fast effects of glucose addition on the respiration rate in such cells. We found that addition of glucose affected cells with deleted phosphoglycerate mutase (strain gpm1-delta) more strongly than ones with inactivated aldolase or phosphofructokinase. In the case of preincubation of gpm1-delta cells with 2-deoxyglucose, which blocks glycolysis at the stage of 2-deoxyglucosephosphate formation, the effect of glucose addition was absent. This suggests that triosephosphates are intermediates of the Crabtree effect. Apart from this, the incubation of gpm1-delta cells in galactose-containing medium appeared to cause a large increase in their size. It was previously shown that galactose addition did not have any short-term effect on respiration rate of gpm1-delta cells and, at the same time, strongly suppressed their growth rate. Apparently, the influence of increasing triosephosphate concentration on yeast physiology is not limited to the activation of the Crabtree effect.
KEY WORDS: gpm1, glycolysis, yeast, inhibition of respiration, Crabtree effect