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REVIEW: Structure of Plastid Genomes of Photosynthetic Eukaryotes

N. P. Yurina*, L. S. Sharapova, and M. S. Odintsova

Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Center of Biotechnology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119071 Moscow, Russia; E-mail: nyurina@inbi.ras.ru, NadezhdaYurina@hotmail.com

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received February 6, 2017; Revision received March 10, 2017
This review presents current views on the plastid genomes of higher plants and summarizes data on the size, structural organization, gene content, and other features of plastid DNAs. Special emphasis is placed on the properties of organization of land plant plastid genomes (nucleoids) that distinguish them from bacterial genomes. The prospects of genetic engineering of chloroplast genomes are discussed.
KEY WORDS: plastids, photosynthetic eukaryotes, chloroplast genome

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297917060049