2Extreme Biology Laboratory, Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, 420012 Kazan, Russia
3Main Botanical Garden, Russian Academy of Sciences, 127276 Moscow, Russia
* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received September 11, 2017
The mitochondrial genome of the pleurocarpous moss Brachythecium rivulare has been sequenced and annotated. The genome consists of 104,460 base pairs and has approximately the same gene set and organization as other bryophyte mitogenomes. Whole mitochondrial genome comparison between B. rivulare and Physcomitrella patens, Tetraphis pellucida, Anomodon rugelii, and Anomodon attenuatus was performed. The primary cause of bryophyte mitochondrial gene length variation was found to be numerous indels in the introns. Bryophyte mitochondrial gene conservation level was estimated, and it was in a good congruence with the overall phylogeny of bryophytes with the percentage of mitogenome similarity being proportional to the age estimated by phylochronologic analysis. Annotation discrepancies in the analyzed mitogenome sequences were identified. The simple sequence repeat (SSR) content was evaluated, and candidate sites of RNA editing were predicted in the B. rivulare mitochondrial genome.
KEY WORDS: mitochondrial genome, Brachythecium rivulare, Bryophyta, mosses