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O-Antigens of Escherichia coli Strains O81 and HS3-104 Are Structurally and Genetically Related, Except O-Antigen Glucosylation in E. coli HS3-104

E. L. Zdorovenko1, Y. Wang2, A. S. Shashkov1, T. Chen2, O. G. Ovchinnikova1, B. Liu2,a, A. K. Golomidova3, V. V. Babenko4,b, A. V. Letarov3,c, and Y. A. Knirel1,d*

1Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991 Moscow, Russia

2TEDA Institute of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Nankai University, TEDA, 300457 Tianjin, China

3Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology, Research Center of Biotechnology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312 Moscow, Russia

4Federal Research and Clinical Centre of Physico-Chemical Medicine, 119435 Moscow, Russia

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received October 8, 2017; Revision received November 22, 2017
Glycerophosphate-containing O-specific polysaccharides (OPSs) were obtained by mild acidic degradation of lipopolysaccharides isolated from Escherichia coli type strain O81 and E. coli strain HS3-104 from horse feces. The structures of both OPSs and of the oligosaccharide derived from the strain O81 OPS by treatment with 48% HF were studied by monosaccharide analysis and one- and two-dimensional 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy. Both OPSs had similar structures and differed only in the presence of a side-chain glucose residue in the strain HS3-104 OPS. The genes and the organization of the O-antigen biosynthesis gene cluster in both strains are almost identical with the exception of the gtr gene cluster responsible for glucosylations in the strain HS3-104, which is located elsewhere in the genome.
KEY WORDS: lipopolysaccharide, O-specific polysaccharide, bacterial polysaccharide structure, O-antigen gene cluster, glucosylation, Escherichia coli

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297918050061