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REVIEW: Essential Light Chains of Myosin and Their Role in Functioning of the Myosin Motor

D. S. Logvinova1,2,a and D. I. Levitsky1,3,b*

1Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Federal Research Center “Fundamentals of Biotechnology”, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119071 Moscow, Russia

2Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Biology, 119991 Moscow, Russia

3Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received February 27, 2018; Revision received April 13, 2018
This review summarizes current data on the structure and functions of myosin essential light chains (ELCs) and on their role in functioning of the myosin head as a molecular motor. The data on structural and functional features of the N-terminal extension of myosin ELC from skeletal and cardiac muscles are analyzed; the role of this extension in the ATP-dependent interaction of myosin heads with actin in the molecular mechanism of muscle contraction is discussed. The data on possible interactions of the ELC N-terminal extension with the myosin head motor domain in the myosin ATPase cycle are presented, including the results of the authors’ studies that are in favor of such interactions.
KEY WORDS: myosin, myosin essential light chains, actin, molecular mechanism of muscle contraction

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297918080060