Received September 8, 2017
Here I introduce collection of review articles written by members of the Institute of Protein Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences. This collection commemorates the 50th anniversary of the Institute. The review articles cover a broad range of problems concerning the spatial structure of protein molecules, including the state of the molten globule, protein–RNA interactions, polysome and ribosome structure, the molecular colony method, and the original methods for studying the structure of proteins. Several of the reviews consider the practical use of knowledge about the structure of proteins and protein polymers. They reflect both the long experience of the authors and contemporary scientific data.
KEY WORDS: anniversary, preface, translation, protein biosynthesis, ribosomes, protein folding