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Expression of mRNAs for IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, TNFα, CX3CL1, and TGFβ1 Cytokines in the Brain Tissues: Assessment of Contribution of Blood Cells with and without Perfusion

A. A. Kvichansky1, M. N. Volobueva1, Yu. S. Spivak1, L. V. Tret’yakova1, N. V. Gulyaeva1,a*, and A. P. Bolshakov1

1Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117485 Moscow, Russia

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received March 21, 2019; Revised May 4, 2019; Accepted May 5, 2019
Cytokines are important regulators of brain function under both normal and pathological conditions. Cytokines can be synthesized by resident cells of the central nervous system (CNS) (vascular endothelium, cells of the blood-brain barrier, parenchymal cells of the CNS) or cells in the lumen of blood vessels, as well as introduced with the bloodstream. The ratio between the quantity of cytokines synthesized in the CNS and those entering it from external sources under various conditions remains poorly understood. In this work, we studied the contribution of mRNAs from non-resident cells to the common pool of cytokine (TNFα, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, CX3CL1, and TGFβ1) mRNAs in the rat neocortex, hippocampus, dura matter, pia matter, and choroid plexus. We also evaluated the representation of various populations of resident and non-resident immune cells based on the expression of marker genes (Ncf1, Tbx21, Foxp3, RORγc). The removal of blood by transcardial perfusion led to a decrease in the quantity of the TNFα mRNA in the neocortex and hippocampus and of the IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-10 mRNAs in the dura mater. The mRNA levels of other cytokines in studied structures were not affected by perfusion. Our findings suggest that mRNAs present in the blood can make a significant contribution to the mRNA levels of some cytokines in the CNS; therefore, preliminary perfusion of brain tissue is a necessary stage of experimental design for correct estimation of mRNA content in the brain.
KEY WORDS: cytokines, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, TNFα, CX3CL1, TGFβ1, perfusion, hippocampus, neocortex

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297919080066