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Received March 22, 2019; Revised May 27, 2019; Accepted May 27, 2019
Plant hormones produce cytotoxic effect on human cells and can trigger the processes unrelated to cell death, e.g., biosynthetic system stress. The goal of this study was to investigate activation of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress by jasmonic acid (JA) and to distinguish between the responses of cultured immortalized non-tumorigenic HaCaT cells and epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells to this plant hormone. JA was used in the concentration of 2 mM, as it suppressed cell proliferation in both cell lines. We analyzed expression of genes associated with the activation of ER stress (GRP78, ATF4, CHOP), the structure of the ER and Golgi complex, and synthetic processes in the HaCaT and A431 cell lines. JA induced expression of genes responsible for the activation of ER stress and caused hypertrophic changes in the Golgi complex in both cell lines. However, the patterns of gene expression in the HaCaT and A431 cells were different, and higher levels of involucrin synthesis was observed in A431 but not in HaCaT cells, suggesting that JA activated differentiation of the tumor A431 cells only. Therefore, JA induced ER stress in both cell lines, but the consequences of ER stress were different for the epidermal immortalized non-tumorigenic and tumor cells.
KEY WORDS: plant hormones, jasmonic acid, ER stress, differentiation