Received September 5, 2007; Revision received September 25, 2007
Comparative studies on the interaction of the membrane-bound and detergent-solubilized forms of the enzyme in the fully reduced state with carbon monoxide at room temperature have been carried out. CO brings about a bathochromic shift of the heme d band with a maximum at 644 nm and a minimum at 624 nm, and a peak at 540 nm. In the Soret band, CO binding to cytochrome bd results in absorption decrease and minima at 430 and 445 nm. Absorption perturbations in the Soret band and at 540 nm occur in parallel with the changes at 630 nm and reach saturation at 3-5 µM CO. The peak at 540 nm is probably either beta-band of the heme d-CO complex or part of its split alpha-band. In both forms of cytochrome bd, CO reacts predominantly with heme d. Addition of high CO concentrations to the solubilized cytochrome bd results in additional spectral changes in the gamma-band attributable to the reaction of the ligand with 10-15% of low-spin heme b558. High-spin heme b595 does not bind CO even at high concentrations of the ligand. The apparent dissociation constant values for the heme d-CO complex of the membrane-bound and detergent-solubilized forms of the fully reduced enzyme are about 70 and 80 nM, respectively.
KEY WORDS: respiratory chain, terminal oxidase, cytochrome bd, ligand binding, carbon monoxide, energy conservation, Escherichia coli