* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received January 10, 2013; Revision received February 12, 2013
Protein profiles of the basidiomycete Trametes hirsuta grown on standard medium without laccase as an inducer and on medium supplemented with CuSO4 were analyzed using a differential proteomics approach. Protocols developed for isolation and purification of extracellular and intracellular proteins of the mycelium allowed us to show extensive extraction of protein components. Simultaneously, components hampering two-dimensional electrophoresis (pigments, low molecular mass metabolites) were removed from the samples, and high-resolution protein maps were obtained. Analysis of the basidiomycete secretomes revealed qualitative changes in the protein profile: the addition of CuSO4 as an inducer resulted in increase in the produced laccase isoforms and/or isozymes from 7 to 11, whereas its pI range change exceeded 2 units. The number of separated intracellular protein components was 552 and 502 for the control medium and medium with the inducer, respectively. Comparative analysis of the protein maps revealed five regions with the most pronounced differences in the protein profiles. The proteins of interest were identified using MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry with subsequent peptide fingerprinting. Some intracellular proteins (β-subunits of ATP synthase, molecular chaperones, chaperone activator) upregulated during the growth on the inducer-containing medium were identified. These proteins are supposed to be involved in the regulation of laccase biosynthesis during folding and secretion of the enzyme.
KEY WORDS: laccase biosynthesis, proteomic analyses, intracellular proteins, two-dimensional electrophoresis, Trametes hirsuta