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Ozone Ameliorates Age-Related Oxidative Stress Changes in Rat Liver and Kidney: Effects of Pre- and Post-ageing Administration

M. H. Safwat1*, M. M. El-Sawalhi1, M. N. Mausouf2, and A. A. Shaheen1

1Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Kasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, 11562, Egypt; fax: +202-2363-5140; E-mail: maheerasafwat@yahoo.com; maheerahsafwat@gmail.com; mahaelsawalhi@yahoo.com

2Ozone Therapy Unit, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; E-mail: nabil_mawsouf@yahoo.co.uk

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received December 28, 2013
The ageing process is known to be accompanied by increased oxidative stress and compromised antioxidant defenses. Controlled ozone administration has been shown to be effective in various pathophysiological conditions with an underlying oxidative burden. However, its effect on the biochemical alterations associated with the ageing process has been rarely studied. Therefore, the present work was carried out to study the role of ozone in counteracting the state of oxidative stress associated with ageing in rat liver and kidneys using two experimental models. In the pre-ageing model, ozone was administered prior to the onset of ageing at adulthood and continued after the start of the ageing process (3-month-old rats until the age of 15 months). While in the post-ageing model, ozone was administered after ageing has begun and lasted for one month (14-month-old rats until the age of 15 months). The pre-ageing ozone administration effectively reduced lipid and protein oxidation markers, namely, malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl levels and decreased lipofuscin pigment deposition in rat liver and kidneys. Moreover, it significantly restored hepatic and renal reduced glutathione (GSH) contents and normalized cytosolic hepatic glutathione peroxidase activity. Similar but less pronounced effects were observed in the post-ageing ozone-treated group. Nevertheless, in the latter model ozone administration failed to significantly affect liver and kidney lipofuscin levels, as well as kidney GSH contents. These data provide evidences for potentially positive effects of pre-ageing ozone therapy in neutralizing chronic oxidative stress associated with ageing in rat liver and kidneys.
KEY WORDS: ozone, oxidative stress, liver, kidney, pre-ageing, post-ageing

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297914050095