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Repair of Clustered Damage and DNA Polymerase Iota

E. A. Belousova1 and O. I. Lavrik1,2*

1Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia; fax: +7 (383) 333-3677; E-mail: lavrik@niboch.nsc.ru

2Novosibirsk State University, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia; fax: +7 (383) 363-4333

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received November 27, 2014; Revision received January 30, 2015
Multiple DNA lesions occurring within one or two turns of the DNA helix known as clustered damage are a source of double-stranded DNA breaks, which represent a serious threat to the cells. Repair of clustered lesions is accomplished in several steps. If a clustered lesion contains oxidized bases, an individual DNA lesion is repaired by the base excision repair (BER) mechanism involving a specialized DNA polymerase after excising DNA damage. Here, we investigated DNA synthesis catalyzed by DNA polymerase iota using damaged DNA templates. Two types of DNA substrates were used as model DNAs: partial DNA duplexes containing breaks of different length, and DNA duplexes containing 5-formyluracil (5-foU) and uracil as a precursor of apurinic/apyrimidinic sites (AP) in opposite DNA strands. For the first time, we showed that DNA polymerase iota is able to catalyze DNA synthesis using partial DNA duplexes having breaks of different length as substrates. In addition, we found that DNA polymerase iota could catalyze DNA synthesis during repair of clustered damage via the BER system by using both undamaged and 5-foU-containing templates. We found that hPCNA (human proliferating cell nuclear antigen) increased efficacy of DNA synthesis catalyzed by DNA polymerase iota.
KEY WORDS: clustered lesions, DNA polymerase iota, translesion synthesis (TLS), base excision repair, oxidized bases

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297915080064