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Double Subgenomic Promoter Control for a Target Gene Superexpression by a Plant Viral Vector

E. V. Putlyaev1#*, A. A. Smirnov1#, O. V. Karpova1, and J. G. Atabekov1,2

1Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia; fax: +7 (495) 938-0601; E-mail: putlegor@mail.ru; putlegor@gmail.com

2Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia; fax: +7 (495) 938-3181; E-mail: okar@genebee.msu.ru

# These authors contributed equally to this work.

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received January 30, 2015; Revision received March 6, 2015
Several new deconstructed vectors based on a potexvirus genome sequence for efficient expression of heterologous proteins in plants were designed. The first obtained vector (AltMV-single), based on the Alternanthera mosaic virus (AltMV) strain MU genome, bears a typical architecture for deconstructed plant viral vectors, i.e. a triple gene block was deleted from the viral genome and the model gene of interest was placed under control of the first viral subgenomic promoter. To enhance the efficiency of expression, maintained by the AltMV-single, another vector (AltMV-double) was designed. In AltMV-double, the gene of interest was controlled by two viral subgenomic promoters located sequentially without a gap upstream of the target gene. It was found that AltMV-double provided a significantly higher level of accumulation of the target protein in plants than AltMV-single. Moreover, our data clearly show the requirement of the presence and functioning of both the subgenomic promoters for demonstrated high level of target protein expression by AltMV-double. Taken together, our results describe an additional possible way to enhance the efficiency of transient protein expression maintained in plants by a plant viral vector.
KEY WORDS: Alternanthera mosaic virus, viral vector, protein overexpression, subgenomic promoter

DOI: 10.1134/S000629791508009X