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Femtosecond and Picosecond Dynamics of Recombinant Bacteriorhodopsin Primary Reactions Compared to the Native Protein in Trimeric and Monomeric Forms

O. A. Smitienko1*, O. V. Nekrasova2,3, A. V. Kudriavtsev1,3, M. A. Yakovleva1, I. V. Shelaev4, F. E. Gostev4, D. A. Dolgikh2,3,5, I. B. Kolchugina3, V. A. Nadtochenko4, M. P. Kirpichnikov2,3, T. B. Feldman1,3,5, and M. A. Ostrovsky1,3

1Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119334 Moscow, Russia; E-mail: djolia@gmail.com

2Shemyakin–Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117997 Moscow, Russia

3Lomonosov Moscow State University, Biological Faculty, 119991 Moscow, Russia

4Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991 Moscow, Russia

5Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, 1117997 Moscow, Russia

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received October 22, 2016; Revision received December 20, 2016
Photochemical reaction dynamics of the primary events in recombinant bacteriorhodopsin (bRrec) was studied by femtosecond laser absorption spectroscopy with 25-fs time resolution. bRrec was produced in an Escherichia coli expression system. Since bRrec was prepared in a DMPC–CHAPS micelle system in the monomeric form, its comparison with trimeric and monomeric forms of the native bacteriorhodopsin (bRtrim and bRmon, respectively) was carried out. We found that bRrec intermediate I (excited state of bR) was formed in the range of 100 fs, as in the case of bRtrim and bRmon. Further processes, namely the decay of the excited state I and the formation of intermediates J and K of bRrec, occurred more slowly compared to bRtrim, but similarly to bRmon. The lifetime of intermediate I, judging from the signal of ΔAESA(470-480 nm), was 0.68 ps (78%) and 4.4 ps (22%) for bRrec, 0.52 ps (73%) and 1.7 ps (27%) for bRmon, and 0.45 ps (90%) and 1.75 ps (10%) for bRtrim. The formation time of intermediate K, judging from the signal of ΔAGSA(625-635 nm), was 13.5 ps for bRrec, 9.8 ps for bRmon, and 4.3 ps for bRtrim. In addition, there was a decrease in the photoreaction efficiency of bRrec and bRmon as seen by a decrease in absorbance in the differential spectrum of the intermediate K by ~14%. Since photochemical properties of bRrec are similar to those of the monomeric form of the native protein, bRrec and its mutants can be considered as a basis for further studies of the mechanism of bacteriorhodopsin functioning.
KEY WORDS: bacteriorhodopsin, recombinant protein, primary reactions, femtosecond absorption laser spectroscopy

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297917040113