* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received July 5, 2018; Revised September 29, 2018; Accepted September 29, 2018
SNX27 is a component of the retromer complex essential for the recycling of transmembrane receptors. SNX27 contains the N-terminal Phox (PX) domain that binds inositol 1,3-diphosphate (Ins(1,3)P2) and is important for the SNX27 localization. Here, we determined the crystal structure of human SNX27 PX domain by X-ray crystallography. We found that the sulfate ion is located in the positively charged lipid-binding pocket of the PX domain, which mimics the phospholipid recognition. In addition, we modelled the SNX27-PX–Ins(1,3)P2 complex to better understand the mechanism of Ins(1,3)P2 recognition by the PX domain of SNX27.
KEY WORDS: SNX27, lipid binding, PX domain, crystal structure