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Received January 14, 2019; Revised March 18, 2019; Accepted March 18, 2019
Taking into account a special role of pancreatic β-cells in the development of diabetes mellitus, the effects of peroxiredoxin 6 (Prx6) on the viability and functional activity of rat insulinoma RIN-m5F β-cells were studied under diabetes-simulating conditions. For this purpose, the cells were cultured at elevated glucose concentrations or in the presence of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-1) known for their special role in the cytotoxic autoimmune response in diabetes. It was found that the increased glucose concentration of 23-43 mM caused death of 20-60% β-cells. Prx6 added to cells significantly reduced the level of reactive oxygen species and protected the RIN-m5F β-cells from hyperglycemia, reducing the death of these cells by several fold. A measurement of insulin secretion by the RIN-m5F β-cells showed a significant stimulatory effect of Prx6 on the insulin-producing activity of pancreatic β-cells. It should be noted that the stimulatory activity of Prx6 was detected during culturing the cells under both normal and unfavorable conditions. The regulation of the NF-κB signaling cascade could be one of the mechanisms of Prx6 action on β-cells, in particular, through activation of RelA/p65 phosphorylation at Ser536.
KEY WORDS: peroxiredoxin 6, hyperglycemia, cytokines, RIN-m5F β-cells, insulin production, signaling cascade NF-κB