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REVIEW: Phospholipase Superfamily: Structure, Functions, and Biotechnological Applications

S. Yu. Filkin1,a*, A. V. Lipkin1, and A. N. Fedorov1

1Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Federal Research Center “Fundamentals of Biotechnology”, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119071 Moscow, Russia

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received August 8, 2019; Revised September 6, 2019; Accepted September 11, 2019
Enzymes of the phospholipase superfamily are involved in lipid metabolism, as well as regulation of membrane composition, cell signaling, and inflammation. This review provides an insight into the structure, functional properties, and biotechnological application of phospholipase A2 and phospholipases in general.
KEY WORDS: phospholipases, phospholipids, degumming, industrial enzymes

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297920140096