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REVIEW: Cardio-Vascular Heat Shock Protein (cvHsp, HspB7), an Unusual Representative of Small Heat Shock Protein Family

Lydia K. Muranova1, Vladislav M. Shatov1, Olesya V. Bukach1, and Nikolai B. Gusev1,a*

1Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received July 25, 2020; Revised August 10, 2020; Accepted August 17, 2020
HspB7 is one of ten human small heat shock proteins. This protein is expressed only in insulin-dependent tissues (heart, skeletal muscle, and fat tissue), and expression of HspB7 is regulated by many different factors. Single nucleotide polymorphism is characteristic for the HspB7 gene and this polymorphism correlates with cardio-vascular diseases and obesity. HspB7 has an unusual N-terminal sequence, a conservative α-crystallin domain, and very short C-terminal domain lacking conservative IPV tripeptide involved in a small heat shock proteins oligomer formation. Nevertheless, in the isolated state HspB7 forms both small oligomers (probably dimers) and very large oligomers (aggregates). HspB7 is ineffective in suppression of amorphous aggregation of model proteins induced by heating or reduction of disulfide bonds, however it is very effective in prevention of aggregation of huntingtin fragments enriched with Gln residues. HspB7 can be an effective sensor of electrophilic agents. This protein interacts with the contractile and cytoskeleton proteins (filamin C, titin, and actin) and participates in protection of the contractile apparatus and cytoskeleton from different adverse conditions. HspB7 possesses tumor suppressive activity. Further investigations are required to understand molecular mechanisms of HspB7 participation in numerous biological processes.
KEY WORDS: HspB7, small heat shock proteins

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297921140017