* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received August 8, 2013; Revision received September 24, 2013
The mechanism of yeast cell death induced by heat shock was found to be dependent on the intensity of heat exposure. Moderate (45°C) heat shock strongly increased the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell death. Pretreatment with cycloheximide (at 30°C) suppressed cell death, but produced no effect on ROS production. The protective effect was absent if cycloheximide was added immediately before heat exposure and the cells were incubated with the drug during the heat treatment and recovery period. The rate of ROS production and protective effect of cycloheximide on viability were significantly decreased in the case of severe (50°C) heat shock. Treatment with cycloheximide at 39°C inhibited the induction of Hsp104 synthesis and suppressed the development of induced thermotolerance to severe shock (50°C), but it had no effect on induced thermotolerance to moderate (45°C) heat shock. At the same time, Hsp104 effectively protected cells from death independently of the intensity of heat exposure. These data indicate that moderate heat shock induced programmed cell death in the yeast cells, and cycloheximide suppressed this process by inhibiting general synthesis of proteins.
KEY WORDS: cycloheximide, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, thermotolerance, Hsp104, reactive oxygen species, programmed cell death